Avacha volcano in Kamchatka - a favorite of the locals
Avacha volcano - active volcano on the Kamchatka peninsula in the north-west of the volcano Kozel'skii. It is located just 30 kilometers northeast of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and it is a kind of decoration. The lower slopes of the volcano are covered with thickets of cedar and stone birch, tops - snowfields and glaciers.
Avacha group of volcanoes
Avachinsky belongs to the so-called "home" volcanoes. This group includes Arik, Aag, Kozelskiy and Koryak volcanoes. Compared with wrinkled Kozelsky and Koryak giant avachinsky with a smooth and even cone - a favorite of Petropavlovsk people.
It is a double volcano with a stepped structure. Even from afar, you can see that the modern cone diameter of 400 meters is located in a depression with steep edges formed by the remnants of the old cone.
The reason for this peculiar structure was occurred a few thousand years ago, a powerful eruption. This eruption cut the top of an old cone by the incredibly powerful explosion. Its height was more than 3000 meters. Later in the cavity formed in the process of weaker eruptions a new cone began to rise. Today avachinsky - volcano, which in the future will continue to reach up for the layering of lava flows as a result of new eruptions.
The eruption of the volcano Avacha
Avacha volcano - one of the most active on the Kamchatka Peninsula. And not without a reason, according to some researchers, goes back to Itelmen word "Avacha", which translates as "fire."
Today, studied the history of eruptions Avachinskii over the past 10 000 years, identified dangerous areas in the surrounding areas and all possible risks in the future. The study of past activities is not always sufficient for a correct prediction, so geologists are constantly working on fixing the changes of life of the volcano now. Humanity is constantly trying to subdue the violence of nature, and where you can not do that, then calculate and predict everything.
This is a very important and urgent work, as only some 30 kilometers from the hill lies the town of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, with a population of over 300 000 people. That is why, about Kamchadals they say that they are living on a volcano.
Since 1737 as many as 16 eruptions have been recorded. The last eruption was in 1991. During the eruption of the volcano crater is almost completely filled with lava, some of it has been poured on the southern slope, and frozen formed layers. Observations show that currently active of Avacha poses no danger to the nearby town. It only smokes constantly and volcanic gases and steam go through numerous fumaroles on the slopes of the hill.
Mass ascent to the summit of the volcano
Avachinsky – is one of the most popular volcanoes in Kamchatka. Every year thousands of Petropavlovsk people and visiting tourists massively "storm" it. The reason - the relative simplicity of ascent and availability: Avacha volcano is located only 30 kilometers of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, and therefore even be seen from the windows of most high-rise buildings.
There is a local holiday - Day of the volcano on Kamchatka. The celebration took place in the summer - in early July or late August, according to the decision of the administration and the organizers. On this day, at the foot of the volcano at the base camp are held entertainment and people are preparing for mass ascension to the top.
Early in the morning are instructed everyone and mass ascension at the Avacha volcano begins.
Not so long ago known Kamchatka studio released a film called "The Day of the volcano," which won the festival Ascension. Here you can see how there is a rise to the top and the holiday itself.
A respectable height of Avacha volcano at 2741 meters - is not an obstacle for those who want to climb to the top. The ascent to hill in summer is so simple that does not require special training and equipment, so climb the volcano sometimes whole families. From Sukhoy riverbed the trail leads to the top of the hill, climbing there takes about 6-8 hours.
Ascension is usually divided into several stages - to a level of 1200, 1500, 1700 and 2000 meters. The last hundred meters of steep climb are much more complicated the previous two thousand. This is not surprising, because of the peculiarities of the local climate (on the Kamchatka Peninsula, the air is very rarefied) mountain sickness occurs already at such a height.
From the top of of Avacha volcano offers scenic views of Central Range and the surrounding volcanoes. From the height Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Valley Nalycheva and Avacha Bay seem quite tiny in comparison the huge volcanic crater - the caldera.
And on top we made for you video Avacha volcano..
From the top of of Avacha volcano, you can see the Avacha Bay. If you like boating and diving, we recommend a visit to this unique place.
Kamchatka gopher, evrazki
In Kamchatka, home to many gophers. You can often meet in their hikes these curious rodents.
Kamchatdaly call them just evrazki.
But here, at the Avacha pass, they live in large numbers and are so accustomed to visitors that they are not afraid at all. Therefore, if you are going on the road over the pass, be sure to grab a meal: nuts, seeds.
Your generosity will definitely be rewarded good pictures with fluffy Kamchatka gophers.
Sopka in winter
In winter you have to literally conquer Avachinskiy. A competent and experienced instructor, registration group in the MOE, climbing training, the ability to use an ice ax and crampons - indispensable conditions for a winter ascent of Avachev. It can take only experienced hikers sportsmens.