Ascent to volcano Mutnovsky: excursion to the crater
The most beautiful phenomena in Kamchatka – are “sopki”(hills) and volcanoes. Even the word "sopka" comes to us from Kamchatka. It comes from the word “sypat”(to strew), and indeed, as if a huge hand of creator strewn on the peninsula the magnificent mountains. Mutnovsky Volcano Tour will allow meeting with one of them, stunning power and beauty!
An ancient legend
In a different way telling of the origin of volcanoes by local peoples. Once upon a time there was not mountains in Kamchatka and there were pastures where young shepherds pastured their herds. They had enough space and lived in peace. But one day there appeared a girl of heavenly beauty and every young man wanted to marry her. Love lit in their hearts, but only one of young men could get her heart, and they began to fight to the life and death.
One very old powerful shaman wanted to stop them, and said that she turn the bogatyrs into stone mountains, if they do not stop the war. But in the heat of battle, they did not pay attention to her threat. Shaman kept her word, and across Kamchatka appeared mountains-bogatyrs. Inside them still beat the hot hearts, lighted by love. They tore the tops of the mountains and the fiery blood flowed on the slopes. Shaman could not turn love into stone.
That’s way volcanoes appeared in Kamchatka. Their slopes are covered with mountain tundra, its ascetic canvas written with countless shades. Excursion to the volcano Mutnovsky show you this palette in all its glory!
Tour to the Mutnovsky volcano
For those who travel around the Kamchatka Peninsula, there is a wonderful chance to see the oldest on the peninsula volcano - Mutnovsky. The uniqueness lies in the fact that it has some of the largest fumarole fields! This place is called the second Valley of Geysers, although the structure and origin of another miracle of Kamchatka is fundamentally different from the famous valley. Intensity of climbing the volcano Mutnovsky is hard to describe!
This is a separate phenomenon, and it has not anything to compare. In the craters a powerful stream of gas with a temperature of 200 - 300 degrees pulled out of the holes and cracks, and beneath our eyes around the gas jets the towers grow from a bright yellow sulfur crystals.
From Petropavlovsk clearly visible a huge four-headed stone mass, located behind Avacha bay, from which rises a column of steam. Mutnovsky volcano is composed of four hills. First, there were two huge crater – north and south, which were extended to 2 kilometers and a depth of it is about 400 meters. From above they have the form of a giant number eight.
The highest, but the extinct cone height of 2323 meters adjoins to the northern crater. It can be seen from the Russian bay. Climbing the volcano Mutnovsky - an interesting adventure, which is available to almost everyone. Therefore, even the couch-dreamer without special training can do his first ascent here. But the beauty seen on the way to the top, don’t leave him indifferent to Kamchatka to the end of life.
Excursion to the volcano Mutnovsky
This tour - a unique opportunity to see the combination of ice and fire. Powerful glaciers fill the huge crater. And under their weight they slip to the hot fumaroles.
Glaciers are melting from the breathing of the earth and give life to streams that carry their acid water in the river Vulkannaya. The most dangerous is the upper fumarole field, giant blocks of ice under the hot breath of the steam from the bowels of the planet is melting and ruin, then crumble down without warning.
During the ascent to Mutnovsky you can see the gas eruption. Eruption began thousands of years ago, so the walls of the crater look like unearthly landscape, painted the most outlandish way. For hundreds of thousands of years, the temperature has changed the rock of slopes.
Here, one of the world's largest fumarole fields! The temperature of the gas emission reaches 600 degrees. It is very rare to see the bottom of the funnel, because the cup is filled crater gases.
Throughout the history of observations of the volcano, it has erupted at least 16 times. Time lull sometimes lasted 40 years, and sometimes for several months. Almost all of the eruptions occurred in the Active crater. The crater attracts participants of the tour to the volcano Mutnovsky, because it’s scary and exciting to look into there.
Samurai try out his sword
Another wonder of this place - the river Vulkannaya that rushes along the riverbed of lava materials. In one place the river falls from a height of about 80 meters into a narrow cleft that seemed to cut down around the edges of a giant samurai sword.
At the bottom of the cleft no foot may tread. At any moment rock could crash, and not for nothing this place is called "Dangerous Ravine." Canyons and waterfalls are so beautiful, that the participants of the tour to the volcano Mutnovsky leave in the memory of a unique experience that is not available anywhere else in the world.
With the all - terrain vehicle, tourists get to the bottom of the dry lake to the foot of the mountain. From this location, it needs much less time and effort for the ascent. Therefore, the duration of the trip does not exceed one daylight hours. But lucky will remember this for a lifetime.
Mutnovsky volcano is active to this day, sometimes small and sometimes rather big explosions occur here. For example, in March 2002, was a series of powerful explosions. The hot steam burst from the ground and formed a huge crater.
It was filled with water, and gave birth to a beautiful lake with a diameter of 250 - 300 meters, however, after the first winter it is almost never free from ice.
Snow caves of Kamchatka
Lately the climate has become warmer in Kamchatka. The area of Mutnovsky volcano - the most generous for the number of rainfall per year, and this gives life during melting snow and ice to most unique Kamchatka snow caves. The entrances to these caves are opened and closed unexpectedly, as in the Aladdin’s fairy cave. But if you're lucky, you can get into one of them. The beauty of these caves just indescribable. Often the thickness of the ceiling of the cave becomes so small that the sunlight streaming through the thick ice and it becomes enigmatic and mysterious.
Fantastic images appear here and there on the ceiling, both in form and color. And travelers’ lights create a picture of the light as the designs in the vast kaleidoscope that never see.
You have seen yourself - tell a friend
It is better to see once than hear a hundred times or read. If fate will bring you to the Mutnovsky volcano, take a photo or a video camera to capture what your eyes have seen.
But perhaps we should not expect favors from destiny. You only need to want, but really want, and you become a member of the tour to Mutnovsky volcano.