The honor of opening the Kamchatka peninsula belongs to Russian Cossacks, who came to the local virgin birch forests already in the middle of the XVII century. While the Coast of Avacha Bay is home to one of the Itelmen birth, from which the Cossacks began to take the yasak. After joining Kamchatka to Russia Russian settlement was founded here in 1740 due to the need to prepare ships for winter parking preparing second Kamchatka expedition of Vitus Bering.
Better place to start an expedition to remote and unexplored coast of America could not be imagined. From a small village grew Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky (first - Petropavlovsk harbor / port) that gets its name from the name of the ship "Saint Peter" and "St. Paul", where in the same year arrived in Niakinu cove Vitus Bering.
Today, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky - is the administrative, industrial and cultural center of Kamchatka Krai, a city of military glory. It is located in the southeast of the peninsula of the same name, and the number of its inhabitants reaches 181 thousand. The city does not have the administrative division into regions or districts.
It is a city without trams, trolleybuses, and especially without the subway - in any part of the city can be easily reached on foot or by bus.
Increased seismic hazard makes risk for construction of tall buildings in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, so the buildings at 12 and 16 floors, built to withstand an earthquake of magnitude of 10 points, is the exception rather than the rule.
Petropavlovsk people love their city and love to acquaint him with his guests. You certainly will talk about the historical center next to Peter's hills, the Theatre Square, the beach on Ozernovsky bay-bar and advise to visit Paratun thermal springs.
In Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is rapidly developing tourism: lots of travel agencies annually attract to the city and its surroundings tens of thousands of people - fans of outdoor activities. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is the starting point of the most interesting tourist routes, designed as both beginners and experienced hikers.
Guests visit the famous volcanoes of Kamchatka Peninsula (Gorely, Kluchevskoy, Uzon, Flat Tolbachik, etc.), The healing thermal mineral springs and the Valley of Geysers, make hiking, helicopter, horseback riding, boating, rafting Fast, left Shchapina etc. . Excursions to the national village provides the opportunity to experience the unique culture of indigenous peoples of the North - Koryak, Itelmen and Evens.
Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is surrounded by natural monuments. So, is inextricably linked with the idea of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky picturesque Avacha bay, which is visible from almost anywhere in the city. It was there that the Pacific is the largest trade port of Russia and the base of the Russian Pacific Fleet. Military, dry cargo vessels, liquid bulk, industrial and passenger ships an endless line come into the port, and take the goods are unloaded, echoed shrill whistles, and at night, bouncing off the surface of the water, paths of light run along the waves...
Near the town is located a ridge of the three volcanoes reflected on the coat of arms of Petropavlovsk called home. Two of them - Koryak and avachinsky – acting. On their slopes and slope of the third - Kozel'skii volcano - almost year-round work climbing and ski resorts. Beautiful view of the volcanoes opened from Mishennaya Sopka.
In contrast to the Koryaksky, training and equipment for climbing to Avacha and Kozelskiy volcanoes is not required. Most ski resorts are located directly within the precincts of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: this "extreme", "Edelweiss", "Central", "Kirpichiki", "Krasnaya Sopka" and others. Relevant international rules IBU skiing and biathlon tracks reaches 3.5 kilometers in length.
If you decide to visit the peninsula, definitely read what vacation in Kamchatka we offer.