Avacha Bay in Kamchatka is one of the largest in size worldwide. According to its characteristics, it can accept any the largest vessel. They even say that the whole of the world merchant fleet can fit on its open spaces. The total area of Avacha Bay, as sometimes it is called lip, is 215 square kilometers. The water surface is not covered by ice in the winter.
Three brothers in Avacha Bay
At the entrance to the bay from the water rises three closely spaced pillar-rock. They are called "Three Brothers." Images of Kekura can be found on many postcards and photos of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. They are a symbol of the bay and the city.
There is a legend that the gods were angry with the indigenous inhabitants of Kamchatka and sent huge ocean waves to wash away coastal villages. But the three brothers came to the defense of settlements and repulsed the onslaught of water. During the act, they were turned into stone by the gods, and now stand as eternal guard.
Avacha Bay has mostly steep and steep banks. Often, the rock starts at the water's edge, but in some places you can walk along the sandy or pebble beaches. Length of the bay is 24 km.
Entrance to the bay located between capes Mayachniy (Lighthouse) and Bezymanniy(Unnamed). These peculiar gates stretched for 3 kilometers. This structure of the bay protects infantrymen entered here ships from storms in the Pacific Ocean. The main port is located in the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. It serves fishing and cargo vessels.
Residents of the city like to spend time walking along the seafront to the town center. The most romantic walk turns out if you start your journey with Navy alley and then climb the hill Nikolskaya. On the way you can visit the monument to the defenders of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. They were built in honor of the soldiers who defended the city against the Anglo-French fleet during the Crimean War.
From the heights of the hills Nikolskaya, which is sometimes called the Hill of Love, offers a spectacular view of the entire Avacha Bay. And if you come in the evening, you can watch as the sun sets over the horizon and red-orange leaves a track on the surface of the water. But still Not a night and we descend on a small strip of pebble beach, which goes around the hill to the center. Here you can sit and listen to the sound of the waves, the advancing waves. The cries of gulls occasionally disturb the peace. Walking along the promenade, you can find a starfish, jellyfish and shells cast ashore on the beach.
On the opposite of the city of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Avacha Bay shore is another port city - Vilyuchinsk. This military town closed. There mostly live military servicemen and their families. Vilyuchinsk - strategic object the Russian Pacific Fleet. There is a base of nuclear submarines. In the background of the landscape flaunts Vilyuchinsky volcano.
Avacha Bay is also used as a place for diving. In some places in the center its depth reaches 26 meters. In late summer the water surface is heated to 15 degrees, and at a depth of 10 meters to 7 degrees. Visibility when immersed depends on the location, season and depth. In the lower layers, it can reach up to 8 meters. At the bottom of Avacha Bay flooded about 74 vessels, visiting divers that are relatively safe.
At this time, regarded projects of cleansing the seabed from anthropogenic pollution. As for the flora and fauna, it is quite colorful and diverse. At the bottom of the pond Avacha Bay can be found around the sea urchin, whose roe is considered a delicacy and can be consumed raw. Also quite common starfish, jellyfish and sea cucumbers. In rocky areas you will find sea anemones, sea squirts, and various kinds of sponges. In the thickets of brown algae live crabs Nematomorpha and spawning season king crabs.
Widespread bivalve molluscs - mussels, which are a large gathering fused together to form the so-called - mussel banks. Avacha Bay is home to 32 species of fish. With a strong desire can not only be an observer, but also to participate in spearfishing.
Fishing in the Avacha Bay and rivers
Two major rivers - the Avacha and Paratunka mouth to Avacha Bay. During spawning across the bay and down the beds of these rivers rises a large number of salmon, which intends to leave their offspring. At this time, the water in some areas become darker, as if alive. You can come and get your hands out of the water you liked fish.
All fishermen should receive a license to catch, but there are poachers, which are fighting diligently police. The only people who nothing to worry and feasting at all - it's Kamchatka bears. During this time, they have to build a sufficient body fat to hibernate in winter. In some places, such as the Kuril Lake, during the spawning season of fish going to the banquet of about 200 species of brown bear.
To the Avacha Bay seals and sea lions swim. They can often be found resting on separate islands.
Some individuals during the winter season, gather at the fish processing plant in the area of Mohovoy (Moss).
Off the coast of Kamchatka from time to time live whales, but they swim into the bay is extremely rare.
On the shores of Avacha Bay found their house numerous species of sea birds. On rocky shores, and individual rocks they make these rookeries. To see all the variety of birds, you can go on an excursion to the island Starichkov. The island is under protection and is a monument of nature. Lander may only scientists and environmentalists. All guests ride around the island on inflatable motor boats.
When approaching the island could be heard the shrill voices of 50 000 individual birds. Among them are seagulls, old, puffins, red-faced cormorants, guillemots, murres, and many others. In the waters and surrounding wetlands arrive for the winter various species of ducks. Among the large predators are especially allocated white-tailed eagle and golden eagle.
An unforgettable and vivid world of Avacha Bay will not leave you indifferent. It can be studied over and over again, constantly find for yourselves something new.
The climate of Bay
The temperature of water in Avacha Bay in hottest time is from July to September on the surface reaches 10-15 degrees, at a depth of 10 meters the thermometer drops to 6 C, and in the deepest places, at a depth of 20 meters - only 3 degrees Celsius.
Bay area is very extensive, But because the it is separated from the ocean by an isthmus, there reigns a unique microclimate. Hurricanes and storms of the Pacific Ocean is not felt so strongly.
Boat trip on the Avacha Bay
You can go on an adventure along the bay with our company and get to the island Starichkov. On the way to see all the major attractions, marine animals and birds.