Klyuchevskaya Sopka - the highest volcano in Kamchatka
Klyuchevskaya Sopka (or Klyuchevskoy volcano) - is one of the most famous volcanoes in Kamchatka. Its top reaches a height of 4850 meters. But the volcano has not ceased to grow, its cone is incremented by the volcanic eruptions (by hardening lava flows).
Kluchevskoy has a regular shape, and is the highest volcano in Eurasia.
Klyuchevskoy volcano rises in the east of the peninsula 360 km from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. 360 kilometers - the distance in a straight line, but to get to the volcano you will have to overcome no less than 550 km to the village Kluychi or Kozyrevsk. From these settlements to the foot of the volcano it is already possible to walk that takes 1-1.5 days, or use vahtovkoy (all-terrain vehicles), which will take you to the goal much faster.
Volcanologists estimate the age Klyuchevskaya Sopka as 70 centuries. Powerful eruptions are occurring about once every five years. Thus, by simple mathematical calculations we can conclude that Kluchevskoy throughout its history has erupted more than one hundred times! Rightfully this volcano is considered one of the most active on the planet.
For the first time the eruption of Klyuchevskoy volcano in the years 1697-1698 mentioned our pioneer Vladimir Atlasov. But only to the 1932 observation of the activity of the volcano becomes systematic.
The average period of calm of volcano last 5 years, after which there is an eruption. However, the quiet period may be a short (3 years) or longer (10-12 years).
Character of eruptions of Klyuchevskoy volcano - an explosive. When violent eruption volcanic plug, formed the previous eruption, flies to a height of 2 kilometers, and sometimes a column of ash up to 20 kilometers. Volcanic activity can last from several weeks to several months.
In 1788 it held the first ascent of of Klyuchevskoy volcano. Its participants carried Russian expedition led by a mountain guide Daniel Ghaus.
The ideal time to climb to the highest peak in Kamchatka is August. It's quite a warm month, the probability of rain and cyclones minimal.
Area of Klyuchevskoy volcano is one of the largest in Kamchatka. A whole chain of peaks rises near with this giant, which is called "of Klyuchevskoy volcano group" and part of the Pacific Ring of Fire: Volcano Unnamed (2882), Big Udine (2923), Stone (4575), Zarechny, Krestovsky (4057), Low Udine (1945), Zimin, a group of Tolbachik volcanoes Ushkovsky (3943), Kharchinsky (1400).