Kuril Lake: bear feast
Kuril Lake - crater Lake in the south of the Kamchatka Peninsula in the territory of South Kamchatka Federal Reserve. The lake is surrounded by rocky cliffs and impassable thickets of shrubs. Generally speaking, in size this lake is slightly less than Lake Kronotsky, giving him palm tree of superiori
Yes! It seems that life goes on in some other way here, slowly, quietly, enjoying every moment. It’s beautiful, like a fairy tale, and it's because the area of the reserve, where is the Kuril lake, since 1996, included in the List of Natural Heritage. It's not all interesting facts - many of which we highlight below, and, sure, you will feel a sincere desire - to see with your own eyes a wonderful region!
The weather on the lake
Due to the large area of the lake is not covered by ice during the winter in some years. Imagine that the average temperature of the water is enough high. So, at the coast in September the temperature is 7,6 °C, and this is not a maximum, which is 10,8 °C!
The maximum depth of the lake - 316 meters. Its basin is - a volcano tectonic depression, which formed due to the lowering of the Earth's crust 8300-8400 years ago, due to the strong eruption.
The lake took a cavity (caldera) formed at the 104 m above sea level, with snow and rain feed. Several islands, towering above the lake, formed by lava overlays. This is dome-shaped islands: Chayachy, Low, Alaid’s Heart, Samang archipelago and they have height of 200-300 meters.
Several rivers and small streams (Etamynk, Vychenkiya, Kirushutk, Hakytsin et al.) flows into the lake, the river Ozernaya flows out of it, running west to the Sea of Okhotsk. 4 kilometers from its source there are Kukhtiny baty - pumice outcrops associated with flash acid volcanism in the early Holocene. The length of pumice formations in the area of the Kurile Lake more than 100-110 meters.
Neighbors of the reserve
Kuril lake is interesting for many reasons. Also it has interest "neighbors" for tourists. For example, in the north-eastern coast of the lake located the famous volcano Il'inskii.
There are capes, which help to achieve the natural harmony. In the south of the lake juts Tugumynk and the northwest - Pulomynk. Beauty, worthy of the brush of a talented artist. Needless to say that the reserve is always in demand among tourists.
And that's not all - come here, you will hear the singing of the water: it's running rivers and lakes:
River with a beautiful name Ozernaya playfully flows straight into the arms of the Okhotsk Sea - to the west. Indeed, there are a lot of neighbors, but we met not all of them. On the shores of the Teplaya (warm) bay there are springs with mineral water. So added another reason for choosing this area.
Animals, birds, fish and the lake - a perfect harmony!
Kuril lake - the largest in Eurasia spawning of sockeye salmon, family of Pacific salmon. The population here varies between 1.5-3.5 million specimens. Spawning is very long: it lasts from March to July, and causes some features of lake ecosystems.
Spawning process is important not only for the ecosphere of the area, but for all peninsula, that is why TINRO special observation station takes responsibility for accounting incoming salmon for future offspring. They are located on the west bank, fulfilling its mission. We must thank them for this!
As a rule, about 200-250 Kamchatka brown bears come to the area of the lake in August, they are under the protection of the South Kamchatka nature reserve. Along with the river otters and foxes, they eat with pleasure fatty salmons. Bears very like fishing on the Kuril Lake!
The largest colony of Pacific gull inhabits on islands in the Kuril Lake. There are more than 1500 pairs on fresh water. In winter, the species diversity on the lake increases. Big predators come here: about 400-700 Steller's sea eagles, 100-150 white-tailed eagles, around 50 of golden. Their greatest groups are observed on spawning area between Hakytsyn and Etamynki rivers and on Ozernaya River.
Several hundred whooper swans and 1,5-2 thousand of wild ducks spend the winter in open waters. Sockeye salmon and its eggs is part of the diet of all species of birds, including even the types of vegetarians, and small forest birds (nuthatch, small spotted woodpecker, etc.).
During autumn migrations, representatives of passerines visit Kuril Lake. Their choice is explained very simply: Kuril lake - the only suitable place for staying before leaving Kamchatka peninsula through the Cape Lopatka. To the south there is simply no places for stopping for passerines.
The origin from the past
Time has stopped here - it is, but there is a story that is filled with various interesting events. So, this place previously was chosen by the natives, and the largest fortified settlement was at Cape Siyushk.
Here people lived, loved, worked, and invented names for the various natural objects, and, by the way, most of which are closely intertwined with the legends recorded by Krasheninnikov within hikes:
"Earlier in the place where the lake is located now, there was a majestic mountain and it was so high that it overshadowed the nearby mountains and eclipsed its sunlight.
Of course, its neighbors were angry because of it. A quarrel started and as a result, the "high mountain" became fed up with the neighboring mountains and volcanoes, so "high mountain" could not bear that anymore and went straight into the Sea of Okhotsk. And later the lake appeared in its place, which to this day keeps its heart. The high Mountain, going into the sea, left a trail behind itself, the river Ozernaya followed it along that trail."
It’s a very interesting interpretation, is not it? Another interesting fact is that the locals (and the world) is called “Alaid’s heart” rocky island, it is located directly to the south of the lake, and - yes - it is similar to the shape of a heart. Krasheninnikov has managed to accurately describe the many places that have been preserved to nowadays.
One of the brightest and most memorable decorations of the Kurile Lake - acting Ilyinsky volcano. It is located in the north-eastern part of the lake. Its right conical shape amazes, the top of which reaches 1578 m. Young lava flows of Ilyinsky volcano descend directly into the lake and create several bays.
At the foot of the volcano in the Teplaya Bay is located thermal springs. They get their name from the lake called Kuril. The springs with a temperature of water 45 ° C hide between lava boulders, covered with cedar elfin wood and stone birch light forest.
Western shore of the lake is bordered by a mountain range Wild ridge (1080 m). In calm weather, volcanoes are reflected on the surface of the Kuril Lake. Before the eyes appear landscapes, from which you can’t take your eyes off. Probably, the kingdom of Far Far Away looks like that. It’s a tale, in a word.
На этом видео Курильское озеро вы можете увидеть медведей за рыбалкой, и то как лосось идет на нерест вверх по реке.
Некоторые кадры мы запечатлели для вас в этом видео Курильское озеро.